Discover Piauí: A Cultural Journey in the Heart of the Brazilian Northeast Region!

Be enchanted by Piauí: A cultural and historical journey in the heart of the Brazilian Northeast!

Discover a paradise of cultural diversity, natural beauty and human warmth. In Piauí, you will find unique traditions, stunning landscapes and unparalleled experiences. Get ready for a trip that will fill your soul with unforgettable memories.

Piauí

The colonisation of Piauí began in the 16th century when the Portuguese began to explore the region. The Portuguese Bandeirante Domingos Afonso Mafrense was one of the pioneers who played an essential role in the occupation of the territory and led one of the advance fronts in the Sertões do Piauí, becoming one of the first colonisers of these lands.

Today, Piauí is known for its cultural and historical diversity, with indigenous, Portuguese and African influences shaping its unique identity.

Discover a paradise of cultural diversity, natural beauty and human warmth. In Piauí, you will find unique traditions, stunning landscapes and unparalleled experiences. Get ready for a trip that will fill your soul with unforgettable memories.

Catedral Mãe da Divina Graça – Parnaíba/PI

Piauí Culture

A mosaic of influences

The culture of Piauí is a fascinating mosaic of influences and traditions that reflect the rich diversity of this northeastern Brazilian state. With deep roots in indigenous, African and Portuguese culture, Piauí has a unique cultural heritage, expressed in its music, dance, cuisine and festivities. Come and explore the general aspects of this vibrant and captivating culture.

Handicrafts play a vital role in Piauí’s cultural expression. Artisans create beautiful pottery, intricate lacework, and vibrant textiles, often using techniques passed down through generations. The town of Pedro II is renowned for its opal mining and craftsmanship, where local artisans fashion exquisite jewellery from these precious stones.

Cuisine in Piauí is a testament to its diverse cultural heritage. Traditional dishes often feature locally sourced ingredients such as cassava, corn, and tropical fruits. Carne de sol (sun-dried beef), panelada (a hearty stew), and paçoca (a mixture of dried meat, cassava flour, and seasonings) are among the popular regional dishes. The state’s cuisine reflects a blend of indigenous recipes and flavours introduced by African and Portuguese settlers.

Music and dance are integral to the cultural fabric of Piauí. Forró, a lively dance genre originating in Northeast Brazil, is particularly popular. The state also has a rich tradition of repentismo, a form of improvised oral poetry accompanied by a guitar that showcases the linguistic creativity and wit of the performers.

Carne de Sol com Macaxeira

Gastronomy

Sun and salt

Piauí’s gastronomy is a feast for the senses, an explosion of flavours that delights visitors. With indigenous, African and Portuguese influences, Piauí cuisine offers delicious authentic dishes and presents a diverse cuisine, differing from other typical cuisines of the Northeast Region in many aspects.

The wide use of fresh seasonings, such as chives and chilli pepper, makes Piauí cuisine unique.

Although country food — meat-based — is abundantly present in Piauí cuisine, the region also has excellent dishes based on fish and seafood that delight the most demanding palates, such as shrimp stews and crab cakes. These recipes involve both freshwater fish and saltwater fish, as well as the uçá crab, which is abundant in the coastal region of the State. From dishes based on sun-dried meat and river fish, such as the famous “Carne de Sol com Macaxeira”, “Maria Isabel” and “Roasted or Cooked Goat” (whose preparation is made with coconut milk), to rich and varied desserts such as sweets and jams made from regional fruits, such as cashew, mango and sour lemon peel jam, your trip to Piauí It will be a journey of gastronomic discovery.

Cajuína is not a dish but a non-alcoholic drink made from cashews. The way of making it and the sociocultural practices associated with Cajuína are intangible assets mainly due to its immersion in the hospitality rituals of families in Piauí. In addition to being a Piauí heritage, Cajuína also became the name and verses of a song by Caetano Veloso. “And we were looking at ourselves, with our retinas intact, at the crystal-clear cajuína in Teresina”… Come and try these unique flavours and immerse yourself in the rich cuisine of this enchanting State. Bon appétit!

Rendas

Arts & Crafts

Explore the art and talent of Piauí

It is important to highlight the types of local crafts. Craft activity in Piauí has several types, such as embroidery, basketry and braiding, handmade jewellery, weaving, ceramics and wood art, especially santeira art.

Discover exceptional crafts, from the delicate bobbin lace of Ilha Grande to the brilliant opal of Pedro II. This precious stone’s deposits are only found in Australia and Piauí. Recently, they were also identified on Mars!!!

Take home a piece of Piauí and have an unforgettable memory of visiting this region full of talent.

Delta do Parnaíba

Piauí Coast

Route of Emotions - Emotion in every sense

Emotions are an intrinsic part of the human experience, colouring and enriching our lives in profound and varied ways.

Welcome to Rota das Emoções, an exciting journey through the Brazilian Northeast, where natural beauty meets vibrant culture, creating an unforgettable travel experience. This route, which takes adventurers on a journey full of emotions and connects them to some of the most spectacular landscapes in Brazil, is a hidden treasure that stretches across three stunning states: Maranhão, Piauí and Ceará.

Through the natural beauty of the Piauí coast, this is the ideal destination for nature lovers, untouched beaches and adventure—a unique trip exploring Ilha Grande, Parnaíba, Luís Correia and Cajueiro da Praia.

Learn about these four municipalities where the Rota das Emoções in Piauí passes.

Serra da Capivara

Serra da Capivara

Archaeological and natural treasure in the heart of Brazil

The Southeast of Piauí is a space of hundreds of archaeological sites gathered in two national parks, Serra da Capivara and Serra das Confusões. The Museum of American Man Foundation (Fumdham) studies these archaeological sites.

The Serra da Capivara National Park is located southeast of Piauí, with the city of São Raimundo Nonato as its gateway. Considered the largest complex of archaeological sites in the Americas, it covers 129,140 hectares, and its perimeter is 214 kilometres. The Park is listed by the National Historical and Artistic Heritage Institute (Iphan). In 1991, it was declared by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (Unesco) as a Cultural Heritage of Humanity. In the unit, there is a dense concentration of archaeological sites, most with cave paintings and engravings, in which there are ancient traces (of a fire) of man’s presence around 100 thousand years ago.

The Park gained international prominence in 2022, being the only Brazilian destination on a select list of 52 places to visit, published annually by the North American newspaper The New York Times.

Unique geological formations exist in the Serra da Capivara region. It also has varied and well-preserved vegetation, a primary caatinga zone, a humid tropical forest island with typical species and leafy trees, and arid vegetation with a predominance of cacti on the rocky outcrops.

Furthermore, more than a thousand plant species are to be explored in the region. Although not all are catalogued, around 600 species have already been recorded. In other words, it is a very different scenario that is genuinely splendorous; It’s a multicoloured scene – with shades of green, grey, white, yellow, and purple. These tones are caused by the vegetation that is in full bloom during part of the year; but, in the warmer months (especially the last four months of the year), it is completely dormant, appearing dead, but it is just dormant.

Fascinating museums that preserve history and nature

In this archaeological paradise, the Museum of American Man reveals the origins of civilisation in the Americas with unique cave paintings and fascinating archaeological remains. At the same time, the Nature Museum takes us on an impressive journey, a space dedicated to preserving and disseminating natural history. There, visitors can explore exhibitions that cover topics such as the evolution of life, the diversity of ecosystems and the importance of environmental conservation. The museum offers an educational and fascinating experience for all ages, providing a greater understanding of the natural world around us.

Ecotourism in Serra da Capivara:

Considered one of the most fascinating scenarios, the National Park attracts visitors worldwide due to the formation of gigantic canyons that reach 200 meters in height, multicoloured rock formations, and beautiful plateaus. These walls result from the movement of the Earth’s tectonic plates around 200 million years ago.

The landscape is stunning; the vegetation is formed by patches of humid forest, with trees that infiltrate the rocky walls. Furthermore, the region has a varied fauna, with the presence of armadillos, true armadillos, anteaters, guans, agoutis, wild pigs, capuchin monkeys, ocelots, red brocket deer, and many species of birds of all types and colours.

The Serra da Capivara National Park is the only permanent conservation unit in the caatinga biome in Brazil and the only one in the country that offers a structure for a different type of tourism: archaeological tourism.

Speaking of archaeology, one of the biggest cultural attractions of the place is the prehistoric rock records, especially the paintings engraved on the rocks with scenes of hunting, sex, war, and other aspects of everyday life, which transformed the Park into an open-air museum.

It is worth noting that the Park has circuits accessible to people with special needs.

Discover the wonders of Serra da Capivara in Piauí and let yourself be enchanted by a unique tourism and nature experience. Prepare to be surprised by stunning landscapes and the opportunity to experience unforgettable moments. Come and discover the true essence of tourism in Serra da Capivara!

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Frequently asked questions about Piauí

Some of the most frequently asked questions about this wonderful destination

The capital of Piauí is Teresina.
The area of Piauí is 251,755.481 km².
The Piauí population is 3,271,199 inhabitants (2022).
A person born in Piauí is called "piauiense."
The dialing codes for Piauí are 86 and 89.
Piauí shares borders with Maranhão, Tocantins, Bahia, Ceará and Pernambuco.

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