Goiás is the most populated state in the Central-West region of Brazil.

Its history dates back to the beginning of the 18th century, with the arrival of the Bandeirantes from São Paulo, searching for gold. Bartolomeu Bueno da Silva, known as Anhanguera, led the first expedition, which set out to stay in the region on 3 July 1722. The area around Rio Vermelho was the first to be occupied, where Vila Boa was founded (later renamed Cidade de Goiás, and nowadays known as Goiás Velho), the state capital for the next 200 years.

The state’s independence was gained gradually as the systems became more formalised. Development kicked in once the capital was moved to Goiânia in the 1930s, and also thanks to the construction of Brasília in 1960.

Today, Goiás is notable for its economic growth, especially in the livestock, agriculture, and tourism sectors.

Cities such as Caldas Novas, with its hot springs, and Pirenópolis, replete with historic buildings and waterfalls, among which are the Abade and the Lázaro, attract tourists year-round.

Goiás is also a special place for ecotourism, with destinations like the Parque Nacional das Emas, home to wild jaguars, Guara wolves and giant anteaters; Alto Paraíso, an excellent base for visiting the surrounding waterfalls, such as Almécegas and the stunning Vale da Lua; and also the spectacular Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Goiana cuisine has some uniquely delicious delicacies, including the traditional empadão and pamonha, as well as fruits like the pequi, guariroba and the famous corn ice cream.

Goiana culture features festivals such as the Divino Espírito Santo and the Cavalhadas, Cora Coralina’s literature, cinema and arts festivals and the popular Sertaneja music.

With so many attractions, its history, people and the natural beauty of the cerrado, Goiás is one of Brazil’s most exceptional destinations.

Frequently asked questions about Goiás

Some of the most frequently asked questions about this wonderful destination

The capital of Goiás is Goiânia.
Goiás has an area of 340,242.859 km².
The population of Goias is 7,056,495 inhabitants (2022).
A person born in Goiás is called "goiano" (male) or "goiana" (female).
The dialing codes for Goiás are 61, 62 and 64.
Goiás borders Bahia, Minas Gerais and Mato Grosso.

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