Situated in the southernmost part of the country’s Northeast region, Bahia is the Brazilian state with the most borders and the longest coastline, with 900km of beaches.

Here, between Santa Cruz de Cabrália and Porto Seguro, Pedro Álvares Cabral and his fleet laid anchor in 1500, becoming the first Europeans to set foot on Brazilian soil.

The state has a colourful history. It is the oldest Portuguese colony in the Americas. Between the 16th and 19th centuries, it received a massive influx of enslaved Africans, who brought with them their cultures and traditions.

This vast heritage has left a rich cultural landscape, as the state is dotted with beautiful old churches, museums, and mansions. Salvador, in particular, is home to a number of centuries-old attractions, such as the Farol da Barra and the Pelourinho, both of which have UNESCO World Heritage status.

A popular destination for thousands looking for both leisure and adventure, Bahia is replete with a wide variety of attractions. Natural beauty spots are spread throughout the state, in particular along its immense coastline. Three sections—the coasts of Descobrimento, Baleias, and Coqueiros—are real highlights.

The sublime beaches of Itacaré, Costa do Sauípe, Morro de São Paulo, and Trancoso, with their resorts and B&Bs, are a true oasis of relaxation and appreciation of nature’s beauty. The Chapada Diamantina, one of Brazil’s main ecotourism destinations, is perfect for cave exploration and hiking.

SalvadWhen Carnival comes to town or enters its own at the beginning of the year, ions of revellers dance along with the trios elétricos —big trucks with speakers and musical performers on top—that drive around the city’s streets with the crown in tow, making one of the most famous carnivals in the world.

The state’s rich traditions strongly influence Baiana cuisine. A banana table will consist of acarajé, vatapá, and many other famous and tasty dishes, flavoured with palm oil and washed down with refreshing coconut water, which is embarrassingly easy to get hold of throughout the state.

In addition to the stunning beaches and cuisine, the contagious Baiano way of life mixes different influences in music, dance, and religion, making Bahia one of Brazil’s most sensational states.

Frequently asked questions about Bahia

Some of the most frequently asked questions about this wonderful destination

The capital of Bahia is Salvador.
Bahia has an area of 564,760.429 km².
Bahia population is 14,141,626 inhabitants (2022).
A person born in Bahia is called "baiano" (male) or "baiana" (female).
The dialing codes for Bahia region are: 71, 73, 74, 75, 77, and 78.
Bahia borders Alagoas, Sergipe, Pernambuco, Piauí, Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, Goiás and Tocantins.

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