Espírito Santo

Espírito Santo

Espírito Santo is part of the southeast region and the fourth smallest state in Brazil.

Its name was given to it by Vasco Fernandes Coutinho, who made land there in 1535 on a Sunday dedicated to the Holy Spirit. In 1535, the Portuguese colonizers arrived in the Prainha region. Around this time, the first village started to be built, called Vila do Espírito Santo. After it was re-taken by the natives, Coutinho founded another town on a neighbouring island and called it Vila Nova do Espírito Santo. The old village became known as Vila Velha, and the new one was Vitória.

The population of Espírito Santo, similar to many other Brazilian states, is a mix of indigenous, African and European influences. Before the Portuguese colonization, the state already had a significant indigenous and African population. From the 1800s onwards, it started receiving a considerable amount of immigrants, most of whom were Italian, but also Germans, Portuguese and Spanish.

Nowadays, the capital, Vitória, is a significant iron exporter. Regarding agriculture, highlights are coffee, rice, cocoa, sugar cane, beans, fruit and corn. In terms of livestock, the state has a strong production of cattle. Industrial strengths are food products, wood, cellulose, textiles, steel and furniture. The Bay of Vitória comprises 34 islands and is a stunning backdrop to the state’s capital. The city also has one of the country’s most important ports, which is integral to South America’s most significant port system.

Tourism in the state can be done by touring the most beautiful beaches, like Guarapari and Aracruz, or visiting the more incredible mountains, with their hiking trails, in municipalities such as Domingos Martins. The most famous place for water sports is Camburi Beach, which is in the capital.

The highlight of capixaba cuisine is the moqueca—a traditional fish stew seasoned with local specialities. The full name is moqueca capixaba to differentiate it from the version from Bahia, which uses palm oil and coconut milk, unlike the capixaba dish.

The state’s culture revolves around annual festivals, such as the Festa da Polenta in Venda Nova do Imigrante, the Festa da Penha in Vila Velha, and the Festival de Arte e Música in Alegre.

All these characteristics make Espírito Santo a tranquil and enjoyable state to visit, with attractions for all tastes.

Frequently asked questions about Espírito Santo

Some of the most frequently asked questions about this wonderful destination

The capital of Espírito Santo is Vitória.
Espírito Santo area is 46,074.448 km².
Espírito Santo population is 3,833,712 inhabitants (2022).
A person born in Espírito Santo is "capixaba" or "espírito-santense".
The dialing codes for Espírito Santo are 27 and 28.
Espírito Santo borders Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais and Bahia.
Espírito Santo

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