Rio Grande do Sul

Rio Grande do Sul

Rio Grande do Sul is the fifth-most populous state in Brazil, bordering Uruguay and Argentina in the extreme South.

The state has a long history, going back to 1627, when the Spanish Jesuits set out on their missions close to the River Uruguay, but ended up being driven out by the Portuguese in 1680, when the Lusophone court decided to take control of the region, founding the colony of Sacramento. In 1682, the Jesuits established the settlement of Sete Povos das Missões, where the city of São Borja now stands. The Portuguese arrived in 1737. Land disputes between the two Iberian nations ended in 1801, when the native gaúchos took control of Sete Povos, adding it to their territory.

In 1807, the region was promoted to the category of Captaincy. From 1824 onwards, many Italian and German immigrants started to arrive. During the 1800s, the state was involved in several political revolutions and separatist movements, which only ended in the 20th century once Brazil had been declared a Republic.

Interestingly, its history and demography make Rio Grande do Sul much more similar in culture to Uruguay and Argentina than to the rest of Brazil.

Porto Alegre, the capital, with its well-kept parks, is one of the country’s greenest cities. Inland highlights are the Serra Gaúcha, a huge tourist destination during the winter months.

The cities of Gramado and Canela, with their charming Bed & Breakfasts, fondue houses and wineries, are great for honeymooners and are part of the state’s Romantic tour route.

National parks like the Aparados da Serra are excellent for hikers and rafting. There are also historic destinations integral to the history of Brazil, such as São Miguel das Missões.

Even though its coastline is quite extensive—Praia do Cassino, almost 250 km long, holds the Guinness World Record for the longest beach in the world—the state is not very famous for its beaches, which are very windy and have uninvitingly dark and cold waters.

Chimarrão (erva-mate tea), churrasco (barbecue), a cooler climate and highly valued culture make Rio Grande do Sul an extraordinary and unique place in a diverse country.

Frequently asked questions about Rio Grande do Sul

Some of the most frequently asked questions about this wonderful destination

The capital of Rio Grande do Sul is Porto Alegre.
Rio Grande do Sul area is 281,707.151 km².
Rio Grande do Sul population is 10,882,965 inhabitants (2022).
A person born in Rio Grande do Sul is called "gaúcho" (male) or "gaúcha" (female), "sul-rio-grandense."
The dialing codes for Rio Grande do Sul are 51, 53, 54, and 55.
Rio Grande do Sul shares borders with Santa Catarina in Brazil and with Uruguay and Argentina.
Rio Grande do Sul

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