Brazil is divided into five geographic regions: The Southeast, The South, The Midwest, The North and the Northeast.
The Southeast, which accounts for almost half of the country’s population, is home to the historical cities of Minas Gerais, one of biggest colonial legacies in Brazil’s story. At last count Brazil had no less than 18 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, three being in Minas Gerais: the cities of Ouro Preto, Diamantina, and the Santuário de Bom Jesus, in Congonhas.
The South was colonised by European immigrants who flourished over the centuries, helping to establish the cities of Porto Alegre, Florianópolis and Curitiba. The region is responsible for the production of excellent wines and exceptional meats.
One of the most marvellous natural wonders of the world can be found in the south of the country, the Iguaçu Falls! Five times larger than its North American cousin, the Niagara Falls, with 275 individual falls spanning for nearly 3km of the River Iguaçu, on the border with Argentina. The main fall is the biggest in the world in terms of volume of water per second and the Iguaçu National Park is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
In the Midwest you’ll find Brasilia, the capital of Brazil which was planned and constructed in the shape of an aeroplane by renowned architect Oscar Niemeyer (author of the HQ Project of ONU in Washington), and the Pantanal, the wild west of Brazil, home to one of the largest plant and fauna reserves known to man.
The North is dominated by the Amazon rainforest, 60% of which is on Brazilian territory. The Amazon rainforest is responsible for the generation of more than half the planet’s oxygen, while the Amazon River, which flows for more than 6,760km, empties enough water into the Atlantic Ocean each day to satisfy all the water needs in the UK for two years!
And finally, the Northeast. Famous for its stunning coastline, it’s perfect all year round climate, and its rich cultural heritage, it’s no surprise that it’s a favourite amongst Brazilians. UNESCO has named a number of World Heritage Sites in the region including the historical centres of Salvador, Olinda, São Luis and São Cristóvão, as well as the Serra da Capivara National Park, the Mata Atlântica and the ecological islands of Fernando de Noronha, very popular for diving.
In summary, Brazil is a treasure chest of experiences, attractions and places waiting to be explored by the most discerning of travellers.
Therefore, it is about time you got to know it better!